Hematologic abnormalities are a common cause and include significant leukocytosis or thrombocytosis. Pseudohyperkalemia is also often due to errors in blood sample collection, such as potassium release secondary to a tourniquet or hemolysis within the test tube. Pseudohyperkalemia can be a complication of serum potassium measurement due to excess potassium release from the clot that forms during the separation of serum. Familial pseudohyperkalemia is caused by hereditary xerocytosis. This defect causes red cell membrane abnormalities that increase cellular potassium leak within collection tubes. Plasma potassium measurement, which is becoming more common, is not often affected by these spurious elevations.
For more information on the familial form, see OMIM.
For more information on pseudohyperkalemia Cardiff, see OMIM.
E87.5 – Hyperkalemia
14140009 – Hyperkalemia