Pulmonary agent poisoning - Chem-Bio-Rad Suspicion
- Chlorine is an irritating, greenish-yellow, heavier-than-air gas with an acrid odor.
- Phosgene and diphosgene are heavier-than-air volatile liquids with the odor of fresh mown hay.
- Oxides of nitrogen are colorless liquids that produce an irritating vapor.
- Chloropicrin is a common agricultural biocide that is an irritating, clear-to-light green, oily liquid with an intense odor and the ability to produce lung damage at concentrations of only 20 ppm.
- PFIB is the combustion product of Teflon and other plastics and is 10 times more toxic than phosgene.
Rarely, depending upon concentration of the gas and duration of exposure, pulmonary edema can occur within 30 minutes to 4 hours for chlorine and between 2 and 6 hours for phosgene. Most fatalities are within the first 24 hours and are due to respiratory failure.
Y38.7X2A – Terrorism involving chemical weapons, civilian injured, initial encounter
- Adamsite poisoning
- Hydrogen fluoride burns
- Ammonia and sulfur dioxide burns
- Vesicant exposure
- Mustard – Presents with ocular and skin (blistering) findings.
- Lewisite – Presents with ocular and skin (blistering) findings.
- Ricin exposure – Typically presents with diarrhea and gastrointestinal bleeding.
- Nerve agent poisoning
- CS tear gas exposure
- Trichothecin (T-2) mycotoxin exposure – Typically presents with gastrointestinal bleeding and dermatologic findings.