The typical patient demographic includes women in their reproductive years. Salpingitis is rare in premenarchal girls, and potential sexual abuse should be considered in those patients. Risk factors include having a known sexually transmitted infection (STI), an operative procedure involving the uterus, multiple sexual partners, or a decreased immune response.
Patients may present with symptoms of an acute abdomen (ie, fever, abdominal pain, nausea / vomiting, and back pain). Some patients will have purulent vaginal discharge.
Salpingitis may also be a chronic, low-level inflammation / infection with patient complaints of cyclic pelvic pain during ovulation or menses as well as during intercourse.
N70.91 – Salpingitis, unspecified
88157006 – Salpingitis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls