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Salpingitis
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Salpingitis

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Contributors: Neil Mendoza MD
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Synopsis

Salpingitis refers to inflammation of the fallopian tube and is a manifestation of pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by infection by microorganisms that spread from the endocervix. Many cases are due to infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis. Other organisms that have been implicated in this infection are usual vaginal flora including anaerobic organisms, gram-negative bacilli, and Streptococcus species. Risk factors for this condition include age less than 25, new or multiple sexual partners, and not using barrier contraception.

Many patients will have lower abdominal pain. Fever may be present. Purulent endocervical discharge may be noted on pelvic examination. Cervical motion tenderness is frequently present. Laboratory evaluation may reveal elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Microscopic evaluation of vaginal discharge may be helpful (many white blood cells on examination supports the diagnosis). Pelvic inflammatory disease increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

Codes

ICD10CM:
N70.91 – Salpingitis, unspecified

SNOMEDCT:
88157006 – Salpingitis

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Last Updated: 03/30/2016
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Salpingitis
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Salpingitis : Fever, Nausea/vomiting, Pelvic pain, Vaginal bleeding, Vaginal discharge, CRP elevated, WBC elevated
Copyright © 2018 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.