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Sensorineural deafness
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Sensorineural deafness

Contributors: Christine Osborne MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Sensorineural hearing loss is due to damage to the cochlea, the auditory nerve, or the brain stem. It is the most common cause of permanent hearing loss, although some sensorineural hearing loss is temporary and reversible. Infants may present after failing their newborn hearing screen, while children and adults present with loss of ability to hear high or low pitch sounds or difficulty discriminating between several different voices in a conversation.

Common causes of sensorineural hearing loss include advancing age, Meniere disease, ototoxic medications, meningitis, trauma, recreational or occupational noise exposure, tumors, or prematurity. Other causes include genetic hearing loss, which may be present at birth or may progress throughout childhood, with common syndromes including Waardenburg syndrome, Usher syndrome, Pendred syndrome, and Alport syndrome.

Codes

ICD10CM:
H90.5 – Unspecified sensorineural hearing loss

SNOMEDCT:
60700002 – Sensorineural hearing loss

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated:04/27/2020
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Sensorineural deafness
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Sensorineural deafness : Chronic duration lasting years, Hearing loss, Tinnitus
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