Shoulder impingement syndrome
Classic history and presentation: Patients with the syndrome usually report experiencing pain when raising the arm between 70 and 120 degrees, when lying on the injured shoulder, and with forced movement of the arm overhead. Patients typically present with lateral and posterior shoulder pain.
- Age – More common in those older than 40 years.
- Sex / gender – Equal prevalence.
- A reported 44%-65% of shoulder pain complaints are attributed to shoulder impingement syndrome.
- Older age
- Sports participation
- Occupations with repetitive overhead arm movement
- Individual shoulder anatomy variants (eg, hooked acromion, excessive coverage of the shoulder joint by the acromion)
M75.40 – Impingement syndrome of unspecified shoulder
239960007 – Impingement syndrome of shoulder region
- Rotator cuff tear
- AC joint arthritis
- AC joint sprain
- Biceps tendonitis
- Proximal biceps tendon rupture
- Trapezius muscle spasm
- Calcific tendonitis
- Distal clavicle osteolysis
- Glenohumeral arthritis
- Thoracic outlet syndrome
- Cervical radiculopathy
- Deltoid strain
- Pectoralis major tear
- Proximal humerus fracture
- Greater tuberosity fracture
- Shoulder instability (see anterior, posterior, multidirectional)
- Internal impingement syndrome