Spider angioma in Adult
This common benign acquired lesion usually appears spontaneously and is present in 40% of normal children up to age 8. Prevalence drops to about 10%-15% of healthy adults. Many women develop lesions during pregnancy or while taking oral contraceptives, likely due to high estrogen levels in their blood. These lesions usually disappear following parturition or cessation of the contraceptives.
Spider angiomas may be indicative of underlying systemic disease, especially when found in large numbers. Liver dysfunction due to hepatic cirrhosis or hepatic tumors impair the metabolism of estrogen, which may play a role in increased nevus formation. In addition, elevated levels of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and young age are predictive of spider angioma formation in patients with cirrhosis. Patients with alcoholic cirrhosis are more likely to develop spider angiomas than those with viral or idiopathic cirrhosis. In patients with diseases of the liver, regression of the nevus may occur following improvement of the underlying condition, although this is not usually so. They are also associated less frequently with thyrotoxicosis and in patients on estrogen therapy.
Spider angiomas usually appear on the upper half of the body, frequently on sun-exposed areas. It is very uncommon for lesions to occur below the level of the umbilicus. The lesion ranges in size from that of a pinhead to 2 cm.
A lobular capillary hemangioma (pyogenic granuloma) developing within a large spider angioma is a possible complication of these benign vascular malformations.
I78.1 – Nevus, non-neoplastic
195382003 – Spider nevus
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
Drug Reaction Data