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Superficial thrombophlebitis
See also in: Cellulitis DDx
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Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Superficial thrombophlebitis

See also in: Cellulitis DDx
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Contributors: Tara Mahar MD, Art Papier MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Superficial thrombophlebitis refers to inflammation (phlebitis) and thrombosis in subcutaneous veins. It is most commonly caused by intravenous cannulation of veins but may also be due to hypercoagulable states, stasis within varices, visceral cancer, and infection (usually due to Staphylococcus aureus, then termed septic thrombophlebitis). Ten to twenty percent of cases are associated with occult deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Superficial thrombophlebitis presents as erythema and induration of a superficial vein. There may be a low-grade fever. Complications include extension to the deep venous system and sepsis or endocarditis in cases of septic thrombophlebitis.

Trousseau syndrome is recurrent migratory thrombophlebitis associated with visceral cancer (usually pancreatic).

Superficial thrombophlebitis can often be distinguished from cellulitis on the basis of history (recent intravenous catheter site) and physical exam (palpable induration or cord in the area of a vein).

Superficial thrombophlebitis on the chest with enlarged veins is sometimes called Mondor disease.

Codes

ICD10CM:
I80.9 – Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of unspecified site

SNOMEDCT:
2477008 – Superficial thrombophlebitis

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated: 08/22/2017
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Superficial thrombophlebitis
See also in: Cellulitis DDx
Print 13 Images
View all Images (13)
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Superficial thrombophlebitis : Fever, Antecubital fossa, Arm, Asymmetric trunk or extremity, Erythema, Leg, Lower extremity edema, Unilateral, Upper extremity edema, Painful skin lesion, Intravenous catheter site
Clinical image of Superficial thrombophlebitis
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.