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Syringocystadenoma papilliferum - Hair and Scalp
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Syringocystadenoma papilliferum - Hair and Scalp

Contributors: Amy Fox MD, David Dasher MD, Belinda Tan MD, PhD, Mary Gail Mercurio MD, Jeffrey D. Bernhard MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (syringadenoma papilliferum) is a benign adnexal neoplasm commonly found on the head and neck or within a nevus sebaceous. Other common locations include the genital and inguinal skin.

These tumors are commonly present at birth or develop within the first several years of life and tend to enlarge during puberty. Clinical presentation is variable including papules, plaques, and verrucous lesions. Serous drainage from these lesions is not uncommon, but most are asymptomatic.

A few cases of malignant transformation to syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum have been reported; thus surgical excision should be considered.

Special Considerations in Infants:
Roughly one-half of all syringocystadenoma papilliferum tumors are present at birth. One-third of them arise in a nevus sebaceous.

Codes

ICD10CM:
D23.4 – Other benign neoplasm of skin of scalp and neck

SNOMEDCT:
239121009 – Syringocystadenoma papilliferum

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Differential diagnosis is very broad given variable clinical presentation; histology is the primary method of establishing a diagnosis.

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Updated:06/10/2016
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Syringocystadenoma papilliferum - Hair and Scalp
Syringocystadenoma papilliferum : Erythema, Neck, Scalp, Tumor
Clinical image of Syringocystadenoma papilliferum
A frambesiform pink nodule on the scalp.
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