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Tietz syndrome
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Tietz syndrome

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Contributors: Edward Li PhD, Susan Burgin MD
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Synopsis

Tietz syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disease that is characterized by generalized hypopigmentation and congenital sensorineural deafness. Very few pedigrees with Tietz syndrome have been reported in the literature, and the exact disease incidence / prevalence is unknown.

Tietz syndrome is caused by deleterious mutations in the melanocyte-induced transcription factor (MITF) gene, which serves as an important regulator of melanocyte differentiation and maturation. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion with high penetrance and expressivity. The manifestations associated with Tietz syndrome are evident from birth.

Melanocytes are critical for pigmentation of the skin, hair, and eyes. In addition, they play important roles in the development of the inner ear. Disruption in MITF function results in defects in melanocyte maturation and thereby adversely affects all the aforementioned structures. Patients with Tietz syndrome have generalized light skin with scattered freckles on sun-exposed areas. Hair is white or blond, and eyes are usually blue. Nearly all reported patients have sensorineural hearing loss that is congenital, bilateral, and severe.

For more information, see OMIM.

Codes

ICD10CM:
E70.8 – Other disorders of aromatic amino-acid metabolism

SNOMEDCT:
403805009 – Albinism-deafness syndrome of Tietz

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Last Reviewed: 10/28/2019
Last Updated: 11/12/2019
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Tietz syndrome
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Tietz syndrome : Fundi hypopigmented
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