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Tinea capitis in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Tinea capitis in Child

See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Contributors: Susan Burgin MD, Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
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Synopsis

Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm) is a fungal infection of the scalp caused by different species of dermatophytes. Most cases occur between the ages of 3 and 7 years, although it has been reported in infants and older children as well. In the United States and Great Britain, the most common causative agent is Trichophyton tonsurans. The most common agent worldwide, however, is Microsporum canis.

It presents as numerous scaly macules and patches of broken hairs and alopecia on the scalp. Some forms are predominantly scaly with little alopecia and may resemble seborrheic dermatitis. More severe forms are associated with inflammatory papules, pustules, and plaques as well as systemic symptoms (ie, fever and malaise).

Majocchi-like granulomas, deep ulcerated fungal infections, severe tinea capitis and corporis, and fungal nail involvement are characteristic of an inherited deficiency of CARD9 (caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 9), an inflammatory cascade-associated protein. The disorder is autosomal recessive and is most common in North Africa countries including Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. The infections usually begin in childhood and are caused by Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton violaceum. Lymphadenopathy, high IgE antibody levels, and eosinophilia are common, and the disorder can be fatal.

Codes

ICD10CM:
B35.0 – Tinea barbae and tinea capitis

SNOMEDCT:
5441008 – Tinea capitis

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Last Reviewed: 08/16/2019
Last Updated: 08/16/2019
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Tinea capitis in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Tinea capitis (Inflammatory) : Cervical lymphadenopathy, Erythema, Scalp, Pruritus, Round areas of non-scarring alopecia, Pustules
Clinical image of Tinea capitis
Small patches of scarring and non-scarring alopecia and some associated scaling on the scalp.
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