Tinea pedis in Child
The clinical presentation of tinea pedis may vary. The web spaces and soles are affected most frequently, but the condition may spread to involve the nonplantar surfaces of the foot as well. Interdigital maceration, especially of the lateral toe webs, is commonly seen. Tinea pedis is frequently asymmetric with one foot only being affected or disease being more widespread on one foot than the other. The degree of associated pruritus varies, but most cases are asymptomatic. Trichophyton rubrum may present with a red, scaly, moccasin-like plaque involving the sole. The bullous form of tinea pedis is rare in children and is usually caused by Trichophyton interdigitale (formerly T mentagrophytes var interdigitale). Onychomycosis may be associated.
Interdigital cracking and maceration may act as a portal of entry for pathogens and may predispose to lymphangitis or cellulitis. A dermatophytid reaction (also called an "id reaction") is a hypersensitivity process that can occur secondary to tinea pedis. The condition manifests on the lateral aspects of the fingers and may mimic dyshidrotic dermatitis. This hypersensitivity process will resolve with adequate treatment of the dermatophyte infection.
Immunocompromised patient considerations: In patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and other T-cell disorders, interdigital tinea pedis has been noted to spread to involve the dorsal foot in an extensive manner.
B35.3 – Tinea pedis
6020002 – Tinea pedis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
- Web space is typically hyperkeratotic but can be erosive.
- Bullous tinea pedis may be confused with or autoimmune blistering disorders.
- Maceration with mixed bacteria ()
- (also called dyshidrotic eczema or pompholyx)
- Contact dermatitis (, )
- – A frequently overlooked condition that causes plantar pits and malodorous feet. Its cause is bacterial, and it responds to topical antibacterials such as clindamycin solution and aluminum chloride 20% solution for drying.