Characteristic symptoms are fatigue, wheezing, and cough with thickened mucus, particularly on awakening. Other signs and symptoms include exertional dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, apnea, and rarely hemoptysis.
Management includes smoking cessation, pharmacotherapy, oxygen to treat hypoxemia, pulmonary rehabilitation, and lung surgery (lung volume reduction surgery or lung transplant).
Related topic: Acute bronchitis
J42 – Unspecified chronic bronchitis
63480004 – Chronic Bronchitis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls