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Gastritis
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Gastritis

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Contributors: Michael W. Winter MD, Christine Osborne MD, Nishant H. Patel MD, Desiree Rivera-Nieves MD, Khaled Bittar MD
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Synopsis

Gastritis describes inflammation of the stomach associated with mucosal injury. The most common causes are infectious (Helicobacter pylori), medication induced (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], aspirin), or autoimmune.

Symptoms are typically mild to moderate in severity but persistent, primarily characterized by nausea, a dull epigastric pain, and occasionally emesis and bloating.

Depending on the etiology, gastritis can occur in a wide range of the population and at any age. Suspicion for gastritis should be highest in patients with classic symptoms and a history of excessive NSAID use or heavy alcohol consumption. Helicobacter pylori is seen in increased prevalence in individuals of Asian descent.

Codes

ICD10CM:
K29.70 – Gastritis, unspecified, without bleeding
K29.71 – Gastritis, unspecified, with bleeding

SNOMEDCT:
4556007 – Gastritis

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Reviewed: 12/19/2016
Last Updated: 12/19/2016
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Gastritis
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Gastritis : Nausea, Vomiting, Epigastric pain, Anorexia
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.