Metastatic tumors to the orbit - External and Internal Eye
In children, neuroblastoma and leukemia are the most common primary tumors. In adults, breast, lung, and prostate carcinoma are the most frequently seen primary tumors, but any primary tumor can metastasize to the orbit. Vision and pupils should be checked in any orbital process. Metastatic tumors have been known to cause ptosis, myosis, and anhidrosis (Horner syndrome), so close examination of the pupil is necessary.
Orbital metastases are generally associated with a poor prognosis, and one study found an average survival of 1.5 years after diagnosis, independent of primary tumor type.
Related topic: Metastatic tumors to the choroid
C79.49 – Secondary malignant neoplasm of other parts of nervous system
363462005 – Malignant tumor of orbit
- Idiopathic orbital inflammation (orbital pseudotumor)
- Thyroid disease (see Graves ophthalmopathy)
- Orbital fracture / trauma
- Preseptal cellulitis
- Orbital cellulitis / abscess
- Cavernous sinus thrombosis
- Primary orbital tumor (see orbital lymphoma)
- Vascular tumor
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
- Myasthenia gravis