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Neonatal acne
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Neonatal acne

Contributors: Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed


This summary discusses acne in neonates. Acne in infants and acne vulgaris in adults and children are addressed separately.

Neonatal acne, or neonatal cephalic pustulosis, is a very common acneiform eruption occurring on the face of neonates (ages 0-6 weeks). Many separate these two conditions as the following: neonatal cephalic pustulosis for a solely papulopustular eruption, often associated with Malassezia species, and neonatal acne for eruptions that include open comedones or nodulocystic lesions. This distinction is usually academic, as both tend to be very mild and spontaneously resolve by age 3-6 months without residual sequelae.


L70.4 – Infantile acne

49706007 – Infantile acne

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Pustular eruptions in a well-appearing neonate:
Note: Pustules in neonates are usually innocuous and self-limited; however, several life-threatening conditions may present with vesicles or pustules. Therefore, accurate and prompt diagnosis is essential.

Pustular eruptions in a toxic-appearing neonate:

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Last Updated:01/06/2022
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Patient Information for Neonatal acne
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Neonatal acne
A medical illustration showing key findings of Neonatal acne : Cheek, Erythema, Forehead, Pustule, Tiny papule
Clinical image of Neonatal acne - imageId=221053. Click to open in gallery.  caption: 'Multiple tiny pustules and papules and a few interspersed closed comedones, on a background of erythema on the central face.'
Multiple tiny pustules and papules and a few interspersed closed comedones, on a background of erythema on the central face.
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