ContentsSynopsisCodesLook ForDiagnostic PearlsDifferential Diagnosis & PitfallsBest TestsManagement PearlsTherapyDrug Reaction DataReferencesInformation for PatientsView all Images (13)
Oral candidiasis in Child
See also in: Oral Mucosal Lesion
Print
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Oral candidiasis in Child

See also in: Oral Mucosal Lesion
Print Patient Handout Images (13)
Contributors: Kiasha Govender MBChB, MMed, FCDerm, Anisa Mosam MBChB, MMed, FCDerm, PhD, Ncoza C. Dlova MBChB, FCDerm, PhD, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Oral candidiasis, also called oropharyngeal candidiasis and commonly known as oral thrush, is an infection of the oral mucous membranes by Candida species, especially Candida albicans.

Although not common in children over the age of 12 months, it may occur in children who are on antibiotics, who have an underlying endocrine disorder (eg, type 1 diabetes mellitus), or who are immunosuppressed due to primary immunodeficiency disorders or secondary to malignancy, immunosuppressive medication, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

The child may be symptom free or may complain of a burning tongue and soreness or pain in the mouth or pain on swallowing.

Oral candidiasis occurs in children in three main clinical forms. The most common form in children is the pseudomembranous variety: white plaque formation typically appears on the tongue, lips, inner surface of the cheeks, and palate and can leave behind punctate bleeding and patches of reddened mucosa when scraped.

In children with HIV infection, oral thrush is the most common candidal infection. The presentation, however, differs, and these children may show signs of all of the types of mucous membrane infections.

Candida at the corners of the mouth is known as angular cheilitis or perlèche. Crusting, small ulcers, or fissures can be present at the angles of the mouth.

In median rhomboid glossitis, a smooth, red, diamond-shaped area is present on the dorsal surface of the tongue.

Related topic: Angular cheilitis

Codes

ICD10CM:
B37.0 – Candidal stomatitis

SNOMEDCT:
79740000 – Oral candidiasis

Look For

Subscription Required

Diagnostic Pearls

Subscription Required

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

Subscription Required

Management Pearls

Subscription Required

Therapy

Subscription Required

Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

Subscription Required

References

Subscription Required

Last Reviewed: 09/05/2017
Last Updated: 10/06/2017
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Oral candidiasis in Child
See also in: Oral Mucosal Lesion
Print 13 Images
View all Images (13)
(with subscription)
Oral candidiasis (Adult/Child Presentation) : Oral white plaque, Dysphagia, Oral burning sensation, Altered taste
Clinical image of Oral candidiasis
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.