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Avascular necrosis of hip in Adult
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Avascular necrosis of hip in Adult

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Avascular necrosis of the hip, also known as osteonecrosis of the femoral head, is an infarction of the bone due to disruption of blood flow. Patients present with a progressive limp or reduced range of motion at the hip. The amount of pain can vary substantially and is often referred to the knee.
Avascular necrosis of the hip can be unilateral or bilateral and can occur in adults or children. When it occurs in children, it is called Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Avascular necrosis of the hip may be secondary to trauma (fracture, dislocation) but also frequently occurs without trauma, making diagnosis more difficult. Common nontraumatic causes include alcohol abuse, corticosteroids, sickle cell disease, and autoimmune disease.

Avascular necrosis of the hip can lead to complete destruction of the bone and requires immediate specialist evaluation. Surgical interventions, such as osteotomy, decompression, or reconstruction, are typically required.

Codes

ICD10CM:
M87.859 – Other osteonecrosis, unspecified femur

SNOMEDCT:
444849002 – Avascular necrosis of bone of hip

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated:05/08/2022
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Avascular necrosis of hip in Adult
Imaging Studies image of Avascular necrosis of hip - imageId=7893859. Click to open in gallery.  caption: '<span>Serpiginous geographic  sclerosis with lucent center involving the subchondral portion of the  left femoral head compatible with AVN.</span>'
Serpiginous geographic sclerosis with lucent center involving the subchondral portion of the left femoral head compatible with AVN.
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