Renal colic is a common presenting symptom for nephrolithiasis. Risk factors for kidney stone formation include a prior stone formation (approximately 50% recurring within 5 years without preventive measures), family history, gastrointestinal surgeries, and systemic disease (eg, diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension). Nephrolithiasis can occur at any age with a peak incidence between 20-49 years.
Nephrolithiasis is also associated with systemic diseases such as hyperparathyroidism, metabolic syndrome, nephrocalcinosis, gastrointestinal disease associated with impaired intestinal absorption, and sarcoidosis. Other risk factors for nephrolithiasis include insulin resistance, obesity, gout, and low fluid intake.
N23 – Unspecified renal colic
7093002 – Renal colic
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
Drug Reaction Data