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Tinea faciei in Adult
See also in: External and Internal Eye
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Tinea faciei in Adult

See also in: External and Internal Eye
Contributors: Gaurav Singh MD, MPH, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Tinea faciei, also known as tinea faciale, is a superficial dermatophyte infection occurring in the nonbearded areas of the face. All age groups are affected, but peaks occur in children between the ages of 2 and 14 years as well as adults between 20 and 40. Different species may be anthropophilic (humans are the primary host) or zoophilic (animal host). In North America, Trichophyton tonsurans is the most common agent. In Asia, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum are most common. The 3 most common causative zoophilic agents worldwide are T mentagrophytes (in rodents, rabbits, dogs, and horses), Trichophyton verrucosum (in cattle), and Microsporum canis (in cats and dogs). In general, zoophilic organisms are associated with inflammatory changes while anthropophilic organisms are associated with minimal inflammation.

A severe antifungal-resistant tinea has emerged in South Asia from the rapid spread of a novel dermatophyte species: Trichophyton indotineae. Terbinafine-resistant T indotineae infections have been reported in Asia, Europe, Canada, and the United States, including one case in New York City with no history of recent international travel.

Transmission among humans is either by direct contact with those infected (animals or humans) or through fomites. Infection may also frequently arise from self-inoculation from the feet (tinea pedis), scalp (tinea capitis), or nails (tinea unguium). Tropical or humid climates are associated with more frequent and severe cases. More cases are also noted after holidays, as children may spend their holidays in rural areas where animal exposure occurs. The most common manifestation is that of one or more pruritic, erythematous, annular, scaling plaques, most often on the cheeks. Occasionally, pustules and crusting may be seen at the active edge. Untreated lesions tend to demonstrate centripetal growth over time and may become several centimeters in diameter.

In the immunocompromised patient, pruritus may be absent. There is an increased risk of all dermatophyte infections (tinea faciei, tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis as well as Majocchi granuloma) in immunocompromised individuals.

Related topics: Tinea capitis, Tinea barbae, Tinea manus, Tinea versicolor, Tinea imbricata

Codes

ICD10CM:
B35.8 – Other dermatophytoses

SNOMEDCT:
240696004 – Tinea faciei

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

  • There are reports of tinea faciei mimicking Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE); in one study, more than 50% of tinea faciei cases looked like DLE.
  • Corticosteroid-modified tinea faciei can mimic Rosacea and is often misdiagnosed as such.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Candidiasis
  • Psoriasis
  • Polymorphous light eruption
  • Granuloma annulare
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Perioral dermatitis
  • Pityriasis alba
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Nummular dermatitis
  • Secondary syphilis
  • Majocchi granuloma
  • Drug-induced photosensitive reaction
  • Actinic keratosis
  • Cutaneous tuberculosis

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed:06/20/2018
Last Updated:07/18/2023
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Tinea faciei in Adult
See also in: External and Internal Eye
A medical illustration showing key findings of Tinea faciei : Erythema, Fine scaly plaque, Unilateral distribution, Pruritus, Annular configuration
Clinical image of Tinea faciei - imageId=261440. Click to open in gallery.  caption: 'An annular, pink, scaly, and crusted plaque on the chin and a similar nearby papule.'
An annular, pink, scaly, and crusted plaque on the chin and a similar nearby papule.
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