Xerosis in Adult
Xerosis is associated with a number of environmental factors and/or disease states, such as low humidity, frequent bathing, harsh soaps, ichthyoses, atopic dermatitis, hypothyroidism, Down syndrome, renal failure, malnutrition and malabsorptive states, human immunodeficiency virus disease, lymphoma, liver disease, Sjögren syndrome, carcinomatosis, and certain drugs.
The incidence of xerosis increases with age; nearly all individuals over the age of 60 have some degree of xerosis.
L85.3 – Xerosis cutis
89105000 – Xerosis cutis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
- Asteatotic eczema – xerosis predisposes to asteatotic eczema. Look for skin cracking, fissuring or erythema in xerotic areas
- Ichthyotic conditions, such as ichthyosis vulgaris, X-linked ichthyosis, lamellar ichthyosis, or acquired ichthyosis
- Stasis dermatitis
- Atopic dermatitis
- Nummular dermatitis
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Tinea corporis
- Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides)
Drug Reaction Data