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Adenovirus infection in Child
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Adenovirus infection in Child

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Contributors: Neil Mendoza MD, Eric Ingerowski MD, FAAP
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Synopsis

Infection due to adenoviruses is common, and most humans are exposed to adenoviruses in childhood. The infection is acquired by respiratory droplets or by the fecal-oral route. There are many types of adenoviruses and clinical manifestations vary. Adenoviral infections can cause a wide range of disorders including cystitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, gastroenteritis, bronchitis, croup, pharyngitis, meningitis / encephalitis, the common cold, and undifferentiated febrile illnesses.

The severity can range from mild illness to severe and life-threatening infections (more common in immunocompromised hosts). Adenoviral outbreaks can occur thought the year in settings with close contacts including nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, college dorms, and military barracks. Many infections are asymptomatic, and patients can shed virus for a time even after symptoms have resolved.

A specific viral diagnosis is often not necessary in immunologically normal hosts, as the disease is usually self-limited. The organism can be isolated using viral tissue culture. Viral DNA can be identified using the polymerase chain reaction.

There is no specific treatment for adenoviral infections other than supportive care. Prevention of infections and spread using strict adherence to infection control practices (contact and droplet transmission) is of vital importance to help reduce outbreaks.

Codes

ICD10CM:
B97.0 – Adenovirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere

SNOMEDCT:
25225006 – Disease due to Adenovirus

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Last Updated: 11/14/2018
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Adenovirus infection in Child
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Adenovirus infection : Cough, Diarrhea, Fever, Conjunctival injection, Myalgia, Pharyngitis
Clinical image of Adenovirus infection
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