ContentsSynopsisCodesDrug Reaction Data
Emergency: requires immediate attention
Ocular drug reaction - External and Internal Eye
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed
Emergency: requires immediate attention

Ocular drug reaction - External and Internal Eye

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Many medications can cause adverse reactions that affect eye structure and/or function. These adverse reactions may be mild and unnoticeable to the patient, or they may be severe and life-altering. Some reactions are transient and improve with cessation of the causal drug; rarely, reactions can be permanent. Certain reactions occur more frequently with long-term use of the medication and may be dose limited, but others have been known to occur after only brief use.

An ocular drug reaction may include, but is not limited to, the following signs: conjunctival injection (red eye), epiphora (excessive tearing), mydriasis (dilated pupils), miosis (constricted pupils), anisocoria (unequal pupil size), nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movements), strabismus (misalignment of eyes), retinopathy (damage to the retina), eyelid ptosis (drooping eyelid), discharge, change in ocular pressure, hemorrhage, and edema. Symptoms may include vision loss, blindness, night blindness, blurry vision, diplopia (double vision), amblyopia (decreased vision in one eye), myopia (nearsightedness), photophobia (increased reaction to light), photopsia (flashing lights), xerophthalmia (dry eyes), vitreous floaters, burning, irritation, and pain. Uncommonly, visual disturbances may include palinopsia (images persist after the actual object is no longer in sight), metamorphopsia (distorted sight that may result in straight objects appearing wavy), and scotoma (visual field defect localized within the normal visual field).

Related diagnoses with possible drug etiology:

Codes

ICD10CM:
H53.9 – Unspecified visual disturbance

SNOMEDCT:
232032008 – Drug-induced retinopathy

Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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Last Updated:08/19/2021
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Emergency: requires immediate attention
Ocular drug reaction - External and Internal Eye
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A medical illustration showing key findings of Ocular drug reaction : Bloodshot eye, Dry eyes, Dilated pupils, Visual disturbance, Blurry vision
Copyright © 2022 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.