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Symblepharon - External and Internal Eye
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Symblepharon - External and Internal Eye

Contributors: Erin X. Wei MD, Susan Burgin MD, Aditi Jani MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

A symblepharon is an adhesion between the eyelid and the eyeball. It can involve just one lid or both. This adhesion of subepithelial scarring can lead to other lid complications such as aberrant lash growth and entropion. Symblepharon can develop as a complication of several diseases and/or etiologies, which include:
Thus, presentation may be dependent upon the etiology. For most individuals, the common symptoms include:
Finally, patients can also present with ocular motility disorders, diplopia (due to limitation of eye movement), trichiasis, entropion, inadequate lid closure, and blindness, depending on severity.

Codes

ICD10CM:
H11.239 – Symblepharon, unspecified eye

SNOMEDCT:
90216006 – Symblepharon

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Because symblepharon is a physical examination end-stage finding resulting from a number of etiologies, there is really very little by way of a differential diagnosis. A very rare tumor presentation might be considered, but more significant is the determination of the underlying etiology.

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed:02/28/2022
Last Updated:03/01/2022
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Symblepharon - External and Internal Eye
A medical illustration showing key findings of Symblepharon : Photophobia, Conjunctiva, Eyelids, Conjunctival injection, Dry eyes, Eye burning sensation
Clinical image of Symblepharon - imageId=2902955. Click to open in gallery.
Copyright © 2022 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.