Adenovirus infection in Adult
The severity can range from mild illness to severe and life-threatening infections (more common in immunocompromised hosts). Adenoviral outbreaks can occur thought the year in settings with close contacts including nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, college dorms, and military barracks. Many infections are asymptomatic, and patients can shed virus for a time even after symptoms have resolved.
A specific viral diagnosis is often not necessary in immunologically normal hosts, as the disease is usually self-limited. The organism can be isolated using viral tissue culture. Viral DNA can be identified using the polymerase chain reaction.
There is no specific treatment for adenoviral infections other than supportive care. Prevention of infections and spread using strict adherence to infection control practices (contact and droplet transmission) is of vital importance to help reduce outbreaks.
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